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全国企业信用信息公示系统,强奸视频-开心麻花演员,开心的秘籍

2019-06-04 07:38:20 投稿作者:admin 围观人数:230 评论人数:0次



1

作业,每日单词卡 


重视大众号,后台回复: 意大利语1  及 意大利语标题1 

 


 

CIAO 

 

Si灬lvia:Ciao Connor! I am glad to meet you史艳春! Benvenuto! Welcome to the course!
Connor:Ciao Silvia! Thank you!
Silvia:Piacere! But before I speak to you mmessageore about the course, tell me why you want to learn Italian.
Connor:Well, because I think that the Italian language is so beautiful.
Silvia:Si  veroIt’s true. Any other reason?
Connor:I also love the Italian culture very much.
Silvia:Benissimo. Do you know any words in Italian Connor?
Connor:Well! I know the words…buongiorno…buonasera…ciao…
Silvia:It’s a good start! Any other words…parole?
Connor:Si! Let me think…pasta…pizza…bella and ragazza
Silvia:Hum! Very good! Molto bene! Those are very helpful words.
Connor:My mother’s parents were Italian, you know. I often heard those words in my grandparents’ home when I was a kid.
Silvia:Very interesting! Well Connor, I promise you that if you study well, by the end of ou金桔怎样吃r 22-lesson course you should be able to understand and speak Italian.
Connor:Seriously?
Silvia:No doubt about it! Well, are you ready to start?
Connor:Alright, fantastico!
Silvia:Mamma mia! I like your enthusiasm! Cominciamo !

 


2  ESSERE



Personal pronouns and the verb Essere - Part I

Silvia:Let’s now explore the verb essere, which corresponds to the English verb to be. Essere, like to be in English, is an irr刘黛希egular verb whose conjugation follows a special pattern. In English we say: I am, you are, he is, she is and so on. You stop using the word “be” once you start conjugating verbs. The same thing h巴克球appens in Italian with essere, which is also an irregular verb. Let’s now conjugate essere in the present tense of the indicative mood:
I am-io sono全国企业信用信息公示体系,强奸视频-高兴麻花艺人,高兴的秘籍
You are-tu sei
He/she is-lui/lei/Lei
We are-noi siamo
You are-voi siete
They are-loro sono

As you may have noticed, I said “you are” twice, but gave you two different Italian translations, namely: “tu sei” and “voi siete”.
Connor:S, I did notice that!
Silvia:Well, in Italian there is a polite form for “you”. We say "Lei" instead of "tu" in formal speech, whereas we use "tu" among friends, people of the same age and to address ch全国企业信用信息公示体系,强奸视频-高兴麻花艺人,高兴的秘籍ildren.
Connor:So, should I use “tu” or “Lei” when speaking to you?
Silvia:“Tu” is fine. And thank you for asking, Connor, you are molto gentile.
Connor:Gentile? Molto?...
Silvia:Molto gentile means very kind. You will need to expand your vocabulary, Connor. I will be introducing more words as we go on.
Connor:This is exciting! I like it!
Silvia:Bene! I’m glad you like my plan! Why don’t we start by pairing esserewith the words you already know? If you don’t know how to say something in Italian, just say it in English. Let me go first. Io sono una professoressa di italiano.
Connor:OK, let me try… io sono Connor! Io sono American!
Silvia:Ah! Ah! Connor! Io sono americano, with an “o”.
Connor:Oh, I see… that reminds me of an old song that went: Tu vu f l’americano! So, great, A-me-ri-ca-no is the correct word, now I know it!
Silvia:Try something with “tu sei”.
Connor:Tu sei a girl… ragazza!
Silvia:Molto bene! Tu sei molto gentile.
Connor:Io sono molto gentile. Tu sei… funny!
Silvia:Tu sei simpatica. Grazie Connor! Sei uno studente.
Connor:What?
Silvia:I’m sorry?
Connor:You said “sei uno studente”. I didn’t hear you saying “tu”, but I gu全国企业信用信息公示体系,强奸视频-高兴麻花艺人,高兴的秘籍ess you’re referring to me, am I right?
Silvia:You are right and I’m actually very happy you noticed that! In Italian, 东江日香理personal pronouns are optional. I can say: “全国企业信用信息公示体系,强奸视频-高兴麻花艺人,高兴的秘籍sono Silvia”, because “sono” already indicates that I am the subject of the senten全国企业信用信息公示体系,强奸视频-高兴麻花艺人,高兴的秘籍ce. So, remember, only use a personal pronoun, such as "io", for example, when you really want to旧金山时刻 emphasize the subject performing the action.
Connor:So, I can say “sono Connor”, “sono americano” and “sono gentile”.
Silvia:Correct! Now, let’s try to use “lui ” - “he is” and “lei ” - “she is”.
Connor:Lei  bella! Lei &樱菲迪nbsp;romantic! Lui  happy!
Silvia:Lei  romantica. Lui 车牌号码测吉凶 felice.
Connor:Romantica… Felice… sounds so poetic!
Silvia:Well, dear Connor, molto bene, so far! I’m very happy with our first lesson! Let’s get an espresso and东方红 come back to practice noi siamovoi siete and loro sono.




 

3 CHIAMARSI 



Silvia:Ciao Connor!
Connor:Ciao? I’m not leaving… I just got here!
Silvia:I know you’re not leaving Connor. I am sure that you did not forget that we have an important lesson today. We need to practice noi siamovoi siete e loro sono!
Connor:S. Then I don’t understand. I thought that you usually say ciao when you are leaving a place…
Silvia:Ah, I see why you are a little confused Connor. Well, in Italiano, ciao is a friendly and informal way to address people, which you can use both when you see someone and want to say h宝宝便秘怎样办ello to them and as a way of saying goodbye when you leave a place.
Connor:Really?
Silvia:Do you know anything about the history of the word ciao?
Connor:No, I don’t think I do…全国企业信用信息公示体系,强奸视频-高兴麻花艺人,高兴的秘籍
Silvia:Ciao comes from the Venetian word s-cio, schiavo in Ita王莎莎liano, slave in English.
Connor:Slave? Really?
Silvia:Well… once upon a time people would employ the expression s-cio vostro, which means your slave or I am your slave as a form of greeting.
Connor:Something like I’m at your service.
Silvia:That’s right! Over time, this greeting lost its submissive connotations, becoming a general expression of good will. It eventually was compressed into the word “ciao” and spread outside Venice, all over Italy and abroad, all over the world.
Connor:That’s fascinating, Silvia! I have been dreaming about Venice for a long time…
Silvia:So, if I say noi siamo&n曹植bsp;schiavi, what does it mean?
Connor:We are slaves...?
Silvia:Exactly, but let’s see some other words and practice some examples usingnoivoiloro
Connor:Noi siamo… Noi siamo Silvia and Connor.
Silvia:Mamma Mia! I was just about to tell you something new and you read my mind. Well, to stay on the topic of noi siamo Silvia e Connor, let me tell you how you can convey this same concept in another way: noi ci chiamiamo Silvia e Connor.
Connor:This is getting complicated…
Silvia:It is not complicato, don’t worry! Chiamarsi can be translated as my name is. Let me conjugate this verb for you: 

Io mi chiamo - my name is / I am called
Tu ti chiami - your name is / you are called
Lui/Lei si chiama - his/her name is / your name is (formal) / he/she/you are called
Noi ci chiamiamo - our name(s) are / we are called
Voi vi chiamate - your name(s) are (plural) / you are called
Loro si chiamano - their name(s) are / they are called朝鲜金正思
Connor:So, I can either say Io mi chiamo Connor or Io sono Connor.
Silvia:Exactly, and remember that the Italian language often drops the personal pronoun. So, when you want to know somebody’s name, you can use“chiamarsi”.  semplice! For instance, I can ask you: Come ti chiami? Which can be translated in English as: What is you北魏r name? Now try to answer my question…
Connor:Mi chiamo Connor! Come ti chiami?
Silvia:Mi chiamo Silvia! Come si chiamano mamma e pap?
Connor:I know that! Si chiamano Giovanna e Sean.
Silvia:Molto bene! Very good! Sono molto felice with our first grammar lesson, Connor!
Connor:So am I, Silvia! I can’t wait to learn more!



 

语法总结



意大利语中最常用的个人主语代词如下。


io → I
Lei → you (formal)
tu → you
(informal) noi → we
lui → he
voi → you (plural)
lei → she
loro → they
 



在意大利语中,动词是有意义的。在下表中,您能够看到它是怎么与人称代词共轭的。 


io sono → I am                                                  noi siamo → we are

tu sei → you are                                                voi siete → you are (plural)

lui/lei/Lei  → he/she is / you are (formal)             loro sono → they are


一般,在说和写时会省掉人称代词。也省掉它们是很常见的。请参阅以下示例。


Sono inglese.
I am English.
Sei francese?
Are you French?
Sono tedeschi.
They are German.
Siete 常群勇Anastasia e Carlo, vero?
You are Anastasia and Carlo, true?



有时,特别是动词be,在动词之后运用人称代词来着重主语或表达清晰。


Sei tu, Raimondo?
Is that YOU, Raimondo?
S, sono io!
Yes, it’s ME!

II。问好


咱们都知道最出名的意大利问好,你好!但是,这并不是意大利人相互问好的仅有办法。以下是您能够在许多不同状况下运用的问好列表。

ciao!                               hello, goodbye, bye (informal)


salve!                              hello, goodbye (formal)


buongiorno!                 hello/good morning/good afternoon (greeting used in the morning or early afternoon)



buonasera!                     hello/good evening (greeting used in the late 蔚afternoon and evening)



buonanotte!                          good night


arrivederci!                       goodbye (formal)


scusa                          excuse me (informal way of addressing somebody)


scusi                         excuse me (formal way of addressing somebody)



III。简介


有一些简略的办法能够在遇到意大利语的新朋友时毛遂自荐。现在咱们将学习怎么向或人问询他/她的姓名,以及怎么通知他人你的姓名。


上面,咱们现已学会了动词,意思是。你能够用这个来通知他人你的姓名。例如:

Sono Eleonora.
I am Eleonora.
Ciao, tu sei Cinzia?
Hi, are you Cinzia?
Chi sei? / Tu chi sei?
Who are you?



假如你用英语和意大利语问他人他们的姓名,上面的最终一个比如有点严苛!咱们也能够运用动词调用,这意味着被调用,而且能够像我的姓名相同被翻译成这种状况。

       Mi chiamo Eleonora                      .My name is Eleonora. 

Buongiorno, come ti chiami?               Good morning, what is your name?

Ti chiami Cinzia?               尹暮夏;             Your name is Cinzia?


要呼叫的动词是一切主题的共轭,如下所示:


我的姓名是我的姓名/我叫咱们称自己→咱们的姓名是/咱们被称为

mi chiamo → my name is / I am called
ci chiamiamo → our name(s) are / we are called
ti 全国企业信用信息公示体系,强奸视频-高兴麻花艺人,高兴的秘籍chiami → your name is / you are called
vi chiamate → your name(s) are (plural) / you are called
si chiama → his/her name is / your name is (formal) / he/she/you are called
si chiamano → their name(s) are / they are called


就像咱们看到的相同,如上表中所示,省掉人称代词是适宜的。但是,人称代词一般用于着重或节奏平衡。请参阅以下示例。

Buona sera, io mi chiamo Claudio.
Good evening, my name is Claudio.
Come si chiamano?
What are their names?
Ci chiamiamo Andrea e Michael.
Our names are Andrea and Michael.
Lui si chiama Daniele.
He is called Daniele.

IV。否定方式


要用意大利语作出否定句,这个词一般不会放在动词前面。

Io non mi chiamo Sara.
My name isn’t Sara.
Non siamo italiani.
We aren’t Italian.
Non  vero.
It isn’t true.
Lei non  simpatica.
She isn’t nice.
Non sono pronto.
I’m not ready.

 

往期内容

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小猪佩奇之意大利语篇1-1集

意大利语篇1-2集(视频语音)每天十分钟跟你一同学

 

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